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1. What is Secular Humanistic Judaism?
Secular Humanistic Judaism is a movement within Judaism and one of five recognized Jewish denominations. It combines Jewish meaning and culture with a human-centered philosophy of life. It defines Judaism as the historical and cultural experience of the Jewish people while affirming that people are independent of supernatural authority and responsible for themselves and their behavior.
2. How can someone be Jewish without believing in God?
Being Jewish was never just about religion. Judaism emerged from a tribal people thousands of years ago and Jewish identity remains a consequence of ancestry or choice. Membership in the Jewish people is not a function of belief; it is a function of identification, connection, and loyalty.
3. Why call Humanistic Jewish practices “Judaism”?
Judaism is the evolving culture of the Jewish people. Over time, in response to historic events, people’s needs, and the surrounding culture, the practices of Judaism have changed. There is no single way to be Jewish. Humanistic Judaism is a dynamic contemporary alternative that reflects what most Jews really believe. Pluralism in Jewish life enriches Judaism and enables a stronger, more inclusive Jewish community.
4. Why is Humanistic Judaism a separate movement?
One feature that distinguishes Humanistic Judaism from other movements that identify humanistic themes in Judaism is our resolve to create a consistency between our philosophy and our liturgy (saying what we believe and believing what we say and do). Humanistic Jewish celebrations, ceremonies, and commemorations use human-centered, non-theistic language. The words we say and the songs we sing follow this guideline, which we consider to be a message of our integrity. Our view of Judaism as a culture also allows us to embrace the celebration of other cultures without fear that a Jewish “truth” will somehow be subsumed; therefore, all our clergy officiate at interfaith/intercultural weddings, and other life-cycle events can include the full celebration of all of a family’s cultures.
5. Is Humanistic Judaism a religion?
According to the dictionary, a religion is a set of beliefs to which people hold fast. Humanistic Judaism is a religion using that definition. In Rabbi Sherwin Wine’s description of religion, Humanistic Judaism falls into the category of an ancestral religion, rather than a salvation religion. Humanistic Judaism is also a religion in its structure. Its congregational model, school for children, adult education programs, and life cycle and holiday celebrations all follow the religious model.
6. If Humanistic Jews are not religious in a traditional sense, why have rabbis?
A rabbi is a leader and teacher of Jewish people, someone who is knowledgeable about Jewish history and ceremony. We choose to be part of the larger Jewish community and ordaining trained humanistic rabbis helps us to participate fully in Jewish communal life.
7. Isn’t the Jewish religion (orthodoxy/Torah) responsible for the survival of the Jewish people?
The survival of the Jewish people is a consequence of the adaptability of the Jewish people. What has kept us alive is the willingness of the Jewish people to adapt to the dominant culture, while still adhering to the ever-changing, yet enduring customs and ceremonies of the Jews. The common history, literature, and traditions are all responsible for Jewish continuity. Because our movement is now over 50 years old, some of the children in our schools are third-generation Secular Humanistic Jews. A secular Jewish identity has of course been around much longer, at least since the Enlightenment, and still represents the majority approach of American Jewry today.
8. Without God how can there be ethics?
The foundation of ethics is human dignity, human survival, and human happiness. The foundation of ethics is not God. Ethical behavior consists of relationships between people. Some people behave well without believing in God, and some people who believe in God do not behave ethically.
9. If Humanistic Jews don’t pray, what do they do?
Humanistic Jews celebrate our Jewish identity and find meaning in Jewish rituals, learning, tikkun olam (social justice), and community. We use poetry and prose to express that connection. We sing Jewish songs in English, Hebrew, and Yiddish. We use materials that encourage reflection and meditation. We celebrate the historic, human, and natural bases for Jewish holidays and mark the passages of life with ceremonies that reflect both Jewish culture and our humanistic values.
10. Can someone convert to Humanistic Judaism?
Yes, however we do not call it conversion; when being Jewish is defined as the historical and cultural experience of the Jewish people, an individual does not have to “convert”/“give up” who they are to add Jewish identity to their self-definition. We define a Jew as someone who identifies with the history, culture and future of the Jewish people. If a person would like to participate in the Jewish experience, they can adopt Judaism and join a Humanistic Jewish community or the Society for Humanistic Judaism, and we will in turn adopt you into our extended family.
11. If someone is a humanist, why bother with Judaism at all?
Judaism as a culture, a heritage, a wisdom tradition, a community, and/or a personal identity adds meaning to people’s lives, beyond just being a humanist. We are all curious to know who we are, to discover our roots and establish connections, to learn and celebrate. Culture adds interest to our lives, whether it be ritual, music, literature, art, dance, or food.
12. Is intermarriage contributing to the demise of Judaism?
Intermarriage is the positive consequence of a free and open society. If the Jewish community is open, welcoming, embracing, and pluralistic, we will encourage more people to identify with the Jewish people rather than fewer. Intermarriage could contribute to the continuity and growth of the Jewish people.
13. Is not all Judaism humanistic?
Some of Judaism is humanistic, although not all of it is. The confusion is usually around the differences between humanitarianism and humanism. Humanism is the reliance on people to solve human problems. Humanism includes humanitarianism, which is the act of promoting human welfare and social reform.